More than just feeling sad or going through a rough patch, depression is a serious mental health condition that requires understanding, treatment and a good recovery plan. With early detection, diagnosis and an effective treatment plan, many people do get better. But if left untreated, depression can be devastating not only for people who have it, but for their families as well.
An estimated 7 percent of the American adult population – about 16 million people – had at least one major depressive episode last year. It affects people of all racial, ethnic and socioeconomic backgrounds. Women are 70 percent more likely than men to experience depression, and young adults aged 18-25 are 60 percent more likely to have depression than people aged 50 or older.
Kini Nmu Ibanujẹ?
Depression does not have a single cause. There are a number of factors that may increase the chance of depression such as a traumatic event or past abuse, chronic pain or a chronic illness, or the presence of another mental illness. Genetics can play a role, as well as physical factors such as brain structure, changes in function of the pituitary gland, sleep disorders and attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). Nearly 30 percent of people with substance use problems also suffer from depression.
Kini Awọn aami aisan ti Ibanujẹ?
People with depression, or who are going through a depressive episode, experience symptoms differently. The symptoms can be described as moods, feelings or physical pain and generally include the following:
- Awọn ikunsinu ti ibanujẹ, omije tabi ireti
- Ibinu ibinu tabi ibinu
- Awọn ayipada ninu oorun
- Awọn ayipada ni aifẹ
- Aini ipinnu
- Isonu agbara
- Aini anfani
- Ikasi ara ẹni kekere
- Loorekoore tabi loorekoore darukọ iku tabi igbẹmi ara ẹni
- Ironu ti o lọra, sisọ tabi awọn agbeka ara
- Awọn ailera ti ko ni alaye
Bawo ni a le ṣe itọju Ibanujẹ?
With a specific evaluation and treatment plan, depression often responds well to treatment. Treatment options include medication, psychotherapy, brain stimulation therapies and light therapy. Exercise can help in treating severe depression, along with alternative therapies including acupuncture, meditation, nutrition, faith and prayer. Depression symptoms do improve with treatment, but it can take time. Finding the best treatment may require trying more than one type of medication or treatment approach. For some people, symptoms quickly improve after starting treatment, while for others, it may take longer.
Ṣe atilẹyin Ọmọ ẹgbẹ ẹbi tabi Ọrẹ Ti o ni Ibanujẹ
Helping someone with depression can be a challenge and may leave you feeling helpless and wondering what to do. To help provide support for a loved one, you can:
- Gba wọn niyanju lati duro pẹlu itọju
- Múra tán láti fetí sílẹ̀
- Fun imudara rere
- Ṣe iranlọwọ lati ṣẹda agbegbe ti ko ni wahala
- Wa awọn agbari iranlọwọ
- Ṣe awọn eto papọ
Most importantly, remember that your loved one’s depression isn’t anyone’s fault, and that your support and understanding can help. Take care of yourself by asking others for help. To prevent becoming frustrated or burned out, find time for your own hobbies, physical activity, friends and spiritual renewal. While there is no known cure for depression, with the right medication and treatment approach, it can be managed effectively.
This information has been retrieved from the Mayo Foundation for Medical Education and Research and from the National Alliance on Mental Illness. To read more, visit: